INTEGRATING THE ENVIRONMENT INTO EU TRANSPORT FUNDING

ENSURING THAT EU INVESTMENT IN TRANSPORT IS CONSISTENT WITH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

The provision, development and maintenance of transport infrastructure – such as roads, railways, ports and airports – is important for society and the economy. However, using land for transport infrastructure inevitably means that it cannot be used for other purposes, including for nature and the ecosystem services that nature provides. In addition, enabling more transport through the provision of more infrastructure has the potential to increase emissions, both of the CO2 emissions that contribute to climate change and of air pollutant emissions. There is therefore a balance to be struck between developing the transport network and protecting the environment. TEPR and Belgian consultancy Milieu have produced a report looking at the extent to which EU financial support for transport infrastructure is consistent with protecting the environment.

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PROVIDING SUFFICIENT FUEL INFRASTRUCTURE FOR CLEAN VEHICLES

THE ROLE OF THE ALTERNATIVE FUELS INFRASTRUCTURE DIRECTIVE 

In order to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions produced by the transport sector, it is necessary to significantly reduce the amount of fossil fuels that the transport sector uses. In fact, a virtual phase out of the use of fossil fuels will be needed by 2050. As a result, policy has been put in place to ensure that the CO2 emissions from cars, lorries and buses decline, while at the same time ensuring the development of zero emission vehicles. For the latter to be able to operate, there needs to be sufficient zero emission energy sources and fuels available, while the necessary infrastructure is needed to enable these vehicles to recharge or refuel. TEPR is currently working, as part of a consortium, to evaluate a piece of EU legislation that aims to ensure that sufficient refuelling and recharging infrastructure for alternative fuels is put in place

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IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF RAIL FREIGHT IN THE EU

EVALUATING THE RAIL FREIGHT CORRIDORS REGULATION 

Railways have the potential to play an important role in an integrated, multi-modal, sustainable transport system. However, to do so, they must be able to compete with other modes and rail travel across the borders between EU Member States must be straightforward. However, as national rail systems were developed to serve national – rather than pan-European – needs, they still often have different standards and are governed by different regulatory systems. EU policy on rail, including on rail freight, has tried to address such interoperability concerns in order to help make rail more competitive. TEPR is currently part of a consortium that is supporting the European Commission in evaluating a Regulation that sets the framework for establishing rail freight corridors in the EU

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A SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT STRATEGY FOR EUROPE?

EVALUATING THE EU’s TRANSPORT WHITE PAPER

There are many challenges to developing a coherent set of transport policies. We all need transport on a daily basis, as does business for moving the goods around that we all eventually consume. At the same time, there are physical and environmental trade-offs to be made when facilitating travel, while the use of transport infrastructure can have adverse social, economic and environmental impacts. Balancing these issues requires a strategic approach that aims to deliver the benefits of transport, while mitigating, or potentially eliminating, any adverse impacts.  

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INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS FOR SELF-DRIVE CARS

INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS – DEVELOPING THE RIGHT POLICY FRAMEWORK

There has been much discussion in the last couple of years about the potential for self-drive or autonomous vehicles, which can navigate without the need for a driver. While the widespread use of such vehicles is still a long way off, vehicles are increasingly becoming more intelligent. New vehicles are able to undertake basic actions and to interpret traffic control signals without the intervention of a driver. The potential advantages include increased road safety, and thus a reduction in accidents, increased efficiency with a reduction in travel times and reduced environmental impact. 

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NEW CYCLING GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL AUTHORITIES

NEW GUIDANCE BRINGS TOGETHER INFORMATION AND GOOD PRACTICES FROM AROUND EUROPE

Cycling is one of the cleanest, healthiest and most efficient forms of transport. Recently new guidance has been published online, which brings together national and local guidelines, as well as case studies, from around Europe. The guidance was produced for the European Commission (DG MOVE) by a consortium involving TEPR and FGM-AMOR, which was led by Ricardo Energy & Environment.

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EVALUATION OF UK FUEL ECONOMY INFORMATION FOR CARS

ENSURING THAT CONSUMER INFORMATION ON THE FUEL ECONOMY AND CO2 EMISSIONS OF NEW CARS IS STILL RELEVANT

The provision of information to consumers is useful as it helps them to make informed decisions about new cars that they are considering buying. Information on the CO2 emissions and fuel economy of new cars helps buyers to understand the environmental and economic performance of different vehicles. Since 2001, UK legislation has required that information on the CO2 emissions and fuel economy of new cars is communicated to potential buyers on a car label, and via other means. As a result of subsequent developments, it was important to evaluate the legislation to ensure that it was still relevant to potential car buyers. In 2018 TEPR, with the LowCVP, evaluated the relevant legislation for the UK Department for Transport. This report has now been published.

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GREEN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT FOR ROAD TRANSPORT

DEVELOPMENTS IN THE EU POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR GREEN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN TRANSPORT 

Already in 2019, there have been two significant developments in the EU policy framework that supports green public procurement for transport. First, the European Commission published new Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria for transport. This was followed by the Council (representing the EU’s Member States) and the European Parliament reaching an agreement on the form of the revised Clean Vehicle Directive. TEPR supported the European Commission in the development of both of these initiatives. 

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SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY VISION FOR 2050

  TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY SECTOR BY 2050 Europe’s cities are often congested, polluted and noisy places to be, largely due to high levels of road traffic. Inter-urban roads are also increasingly congested with the result that pollution and noise from road transport is becoming increasingly widespread in rural areas, which also adversely affects farmland, […]

MODAL SHIFT FOR CLEANER TRANSPORT

THE FUTURE OF EU MODAL SHIFT POLICY

In order to improve the environmental performance of transport, it is necessary to take a range of actions. The performance of vehicles and fuels needs to be improved, while the most appropriate mode of transport should be used for every journey. This means that more journeys should be undertaken with public transport and by walking and cycling. In short, policies need to promote modal shift.

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